Flipping Our Lids (And Closing Them Again)

September 11, 2012 at 9:30 am (Attachment Parenting, Positive Discipline)

Learning neuroscience is certainly not on every parent’s agenda. But what if a little insight into your child’s brain could diffuse at least one tantrum a day? Dr. Dan Siegel and Mary Hartzell, authors of Parenting from the Inside Out, developed a simple demonstration to help parents understand where kids’ outbursts come from so we can respond effectively.

Brain in the Palm of Your Hand

Make a fist with your thumb tucked inside your fingers. This is a model of your brain; your fist is the brain and your wrist and forearm are the spinal cord.

Your thumb, tucked in the middle of your fist, is the midbrain. This is where our emotions and memories are created and processed, as well as where the fight-or-flight reflex is triggered. The midbrain is our “emotional brain.”

The back of your hand and fingers, encasing everything, is the cerebral cortex. This is where higher functioning occurs. This part of our brain allows us to think logically, act with kindness and empathy, and it houses our reasoning and problem-solving abilities.  The cortex is our “rational brain.”

The brain is set up to communicate with itself. It sends messages from section to section about what our bodies are feeling and needing. So, when a child screams, “NOOOO!” and lashes out to hit because he is angry, a parent’s brain interprets this data as, “Hmm, I don’t like this, and I need to be treated differently.” Only we don’t always react so calmly, right?

Take another look at your brain-fist. See where your fingernails are? This is the logic and reasoning part of the brain that kicks into gear when we have a problem to solve. But sometimes the emotional brain (thumb) and the rational brain (fingers) don’t communicate so well. The emotions of the midbrain are simply too overwhelming, our fight-or-flight reflex triggers, and we “flip our lids.” Now make all four of your fingers stand straight up.  Flip.

See your fingertips now? See how far away from the midbrain they are? When we “flip our lids,” our rational brains have a very poor connection with our emotional brains. Our feelings are intense, and we’re not able to access the logical, problem-solving part of our brain. In order to restore our rational brain to its coherent state, we need to calm our anger and ease our fears (close fingers over thumb again).

Of course, our brains don’t actually change shape like this, but this simple demonstration is a valuable tool in understanding how they function during emotionally charged situations. Both children and adults experience flipped lids. But as the human brain isn’t fully mature (all parts communicating effectively) until the mid-twenties, children flip their lids much more often. They need a lot more help “re-connecting” the rational brain with the emotional brain—that is, calming down—and learning how to respond to strong emotions.

Parenting Through Flipped Lids

So, what can parents do when emotions run strong? Dr. Jane Nelsen, author of Positive Discipline, offers a few tools that help during “flipped lid” moments: 

Hugs. When your child flips her lid, a hug may be the last thing you want to offer.  But it might just be the thing she needs most. The mirror neurons in her brain assess the emotional state of the people around her and influence her reactions. When her brain picks up on the loving composure in a hug, its chemistry begins to return to a calm state; her “flipped lid” begins to close.

Positive Time Out. This is perfect for when either you or your child has a flipped lid.  Before reacting to your misbehaving child or your favorite collectible that mysteriously broke, take a few minutes alone to calm down and restore your brain chemistry. The problem—the one that triggered your flipped lid—will still be there when you’re feeling better. Communication will go much more smoothly when you have access to your rational brain. With time and practice, you can also teach your child how to take a positive time-out for himself when he’s upset and needs to calm down.

Focus on Solutions. This is for when you’re about to flip your lid, or have just calmed down after one. Yes, there’s a huge mess on the floor. Yes, your two-year-old is bothering his older (and now very annoyed) sibling again. Yes, someone lost an important item again, or someone else is dawdling to get ready…again. But rather than get mad and yell (again), focus on practical solutions to these problems. Instead of thinking, “What can I do to you so that you’ll learn?” think, “What can I do to help you succeed with this? What solutions can we come up with?”

Apologize. For those times when you do flip your lid, a sincere apology helps to emotionally reconnect you and your child.  Tell your child, “I’m sorry I yelled. I’m sure that must have hurt your feelings. You were upset, and you needed to feel better, not worse. I’d love to hear your ideas on how to fix this.”

So, flipping your lid, while not ideal or sometimes even avoidable, does provide an opportunity to model and teach some valuable skills to our children: cooling off, self-control, problem solving, and, probably most importantly, emotional recovery and reconnection after a hurtful situation.

 Kelly Bartlett is a Certified Positive Discipline Educator and freelance writer with a focus on child development, family relationships, and discipline. This article was originally published in The Attached Family magazine.


  1. SW Matthes said,

    Thank you. I’ve had a terrible run of days, flipping my lid at my poor son, who doesn’t know what to do. This information is going into my toolbox.

  2. abundantlifechildren said,

    I could not love this MORE! What a wonderful resource you are for everyone who reads your blog. I will be sharing this. THANK YOU!

  3. Valerie Kaye said,

    Terrific. Just what I needed after I flipped my lid after I chased the cat 2xs back into the house and she ran out for a 3rd time, I locked myself out as the almost 3 yr old refused to put shoes on and I was making her go to the car anyway. rrr

  4. Karen said,

    Thank you! I’ve had a harder time accessing my calm/rational brain since having my 2nd child. Let’s just say I’ve been apologizing a lot lately =(

  5. valleygirl said,

    Wow, this was excellent! Totally sharing this!

  6. BuffyO said,

    Thank you! I love Dr. Siegel’s work and you did a wonderful, wonderful job with this post. I have found that this gentle gesture can be such a wonderful reminder {even if I just do it for myself}.

  7. SoundDiscipline said,

    Here is a link to a video of Dan Siegel demonstrating this. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qke6UWcFcBU

  8. Don’t Ignore Your Children, Part 2 | Abundant Life Children said,

    […] What about very intense children in full-tantrum, meltdown situations?  Many wrote to ask about very intense tantrums, trying to clarify exactly how I would manage a child who has completely melted-down.  (Kelly Bartlett of Parenting from Scratch offers a very helpful analogy in this article.) […]

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